The mind, the emotional/physical/energy body, soul, and spirit must all be addressed and healed for recovery to be lasting. Addiction is a symptom of the entire human system, not just a disease of the brain or a character defect of some kind. That being said, holistic/integrative treatment is not as simple as adding yoga, meditation, reiki, bodywork, or other alternative healing modalities to an established 12-Step program. Nor is it merely refocusing the treatment to identifying the root cause of the addiction and then offering a limited scope of therapeutic modalities, primarily focused on cognitive-behavioral and talk therapy. Holistic, integrative addiction treatment is science-based and requires that equal attention be given to each aspect of the whole person – mind, body, soul, and spirit.